Designations and Definitions of Olive Oil

Choosing Olive Oil

When you see a bottle of olive oil, read the label carefully. The wording is strictly controlled. A producer can only label ‘extra virgin olive oil’ under certain circumstances. The following descriptions will appear on labels:

Extra virgin olive oil: Superior category olive oil obtained directly from olives and solely by mechanical means (Acidity Max 0.8o)

Virgin olive oil: Olive oil obtained directly from olives and solely by mechanical means 
(Acidity Max 2o)

Olive oil composed of refined olive oils and virgin olive oils: Oil comprising exclusively oils that have undergone refining and oils obtained directly from olives (Acidity Max 1o)

Olive – pomace oil: Oil comprising exclusively oils obtained by treating the product obtained after the extraction of olive oil and oils obtained directly from olives or 
oil comprising exclusively oils obtained by processing olive pomace oil and oils obtained directly from olives (Acidity Max 1o)

 

Types of Olive Oil

  • Olive oil of Protected Designated Origin (PDO): Oils bearing the name of the regionthey are originating in with particular organoleptic characteristics which distinguish them from olive oils produced in other regions. 

What does PDO mean?

PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) is a definition iven by the European Union. PDO products are most closely linked to the concept of terroir - a sense of place discernible in the flavor of the food. PDO products must be produced, processed and prepared in a specific region using traditional production methods. The raw materials must also be from the defined area whose name the products bear. The quality or characteristics of the product must be due essentially or exclusively to its place or origin, i.e., climate, the nature of the soil and local know – how.

  • Olive Oil of Protected Geographical Indications (PGI): Oils bearing the name of the region to which they owe their reputation and of which production and processing is carried outexclusively in this area.